SGA 6 (2016)

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Affiliations and addresses of the Authors and Reviewers of this volume
Prof. Victoria Arroche
Facultad de Filosofía y Letras
Universidad de Buenos Aires
Puán 480, 1420 CABA, Buenos Aires (Argentina)
Dr. Elisa Coda
Dipartimento di Civiltà e Forme del Sapere
Università di Pisa
Via P. Paoli 15, 56126 Pisa (Italy)
Prof. Cristina D ’Ancona
Dipartimento di Civiltà e Forme del Sapere
Università di Pisa
Via P. Paoli 15, 56126 Pisa (Italy)
Dr. Marion Dapsens
Thomas-Institut der Universität zu Köln
Albertus-Magnus-Platz, 50923 Köln (Germany)
Dr. Marco Di Branco
Deutsches Historisches Institut in Rom
Via Aurelia Antica 391, I-00165, Roma (Italy)
Prof. Tiziano Dorandi
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
(UMR 8230, Centre Jean Pépin)
7, rue Guy Môquet BP N°8
94801 Villejuif Cedex, Paris (France)
Prof. Emma Gannagé
Department of Arabic and Islamic Studies
Georgetown University
2 Poulton – North Wing, Washington, D.C. (U.S.A.)
Dr. Giulia Guidara
Università di Trento
Via Tommaso Gar 14, 38122 Trento (Italy)
Prof. Veysel Kaya
İstanbul Üniversitesi İlahiyat Fakültesi
İskenderpaşa Mahallesi Kavalalı Sokak
A Blok Horhor Fatih, Istanbul (Turkey)
Dr. Issam Marjani
Dipartimento di Filologia, Letteratura e Linguistica
Università di Pisa
Via Santa Maria 36, 56126 Pisa (Italy)
Prof. Cecilia Martini Bonadeo
cecilia.martini[at] di Scienze Storiche Geografiche e dell’Antichità
Università di Padova
Via del Vescovado 6, 35141 Padova (Italy)
Dr. Lucrezia Iris Martone
Istituto Comprensivo “Giovanni Pascoli”
Via Roma 31, 55051 Barga, Lucca (Italy)
Dr.Hossain Mottaqi
University of Religion and Denominations
Post box 37185-178, Pardisan – Qom (Iran)
Oliver Overwien
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Institut für Klassische Philologie
Unter den Linden 6, D-10099 Berlin (Germany)
Marco Zambon
marco.zambon.2[at] di Scienze Storiche Geografiche e dell’Antichità
Università di Padova
Via del Vescovado 6, 35141 Padova (Italy)

1. Tiziano Dorandi,Le Divisiones quae vulgo dicuntur Aristoteleae. Storia del testo e edizione delle Recensiones Marciana,Florentina e Leidensis”, SGA 6 (2016), pp. 1-58.
Affiliation: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique-Paris (France)
Keywords: Recensio MarcianaRecensio Florentina, Recensio Leidensis, Aristotle
This paper is devoted to the manuscript tradition of the Divisiones quae dicuntur Aristoteleae (DA), and in particular to two discoveries that shed new light on it. The collection of DA is transmitted in four different versions, that should be investigated and edited individually. The editor should also resist the temptation to reconstruct a imaginary Urtext. The focus of this study is on the three versions independent of the Recensio Laertiana (Diog. Laert. III 80-109): the Recensiones Marciana, Florentina and Leidensis. These versions are reconstructed on the basis of six Byzantine manuscripts dated between the 10th and the 15th/16th century. Then, the new edition of the Recensio Marciana and the editiones principes of the Recensiones Florentina, and Leidensis are presented.

2. Giulia Guidara, “Le citazioni dei presocratici nelle Enneadi: una nuova via di ricerca nello studio delle fonti di Plotino”, SGA 6 (2016), pp. 59-82.
Affiliation: Università di Trento (Italy)
Keywords: Plotinus, Presocratic philosophers
In his treatises, Plotinus quotes several δόξαι to explain his theories or to refute others’ ideas. Even if they are often quoted anonymously, these δόξαι can be attributed to Presocratic philosophers because they match fragments and testimonia collected in Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker by H. Diels and W. Kranz. It is however unclear how Plotinus (as other authors of this period) got acquainted with such δόξαι and, for this reason, three hypothesis have been advanced: Plotinus might have taken his quotations (i) from the works of the Presocratics, or (ii) from doxographies (also known as Placita), a literary genre where δόξαι of many ancient thinkers about a given topic are collected together, or again (iii)  from other authors reporting them. This hypothesis is very interesting: as it is known, the starting point of Plotinus’ lectures was the reading of excertps from philosophical works like those by Severus, Cronius, Numenius, Gaius, Atticus, Aspasius, Alexander, Adrastus, and others. The possibility exists that Plotinus made use of these texts not only as an opportunity to discuss philosophical questions, but also as a source of information about ancient thinkers. This paper deals with the quotations reported in II 4 [12], 7.20-28, III 6 [26], 12.22-25, and IV 4 [28], 29.32-39 and advances the hypothesis that other sources unknown to us for the moment provided Plotinus with information about the Presocratics.

3. Emma Gannagé, “Al-Kindī, Ptolemy (and Nicomachus of Gerasa) Revisited”, SGA 6 (2016), pp. 83-112.
Affiliation: Department of Arabic and Islamic Studies. Georgetown University (USA)
Keywords: al-Kindī’s treatise On the Great Art, al-Kindī, influence of Ptolemy’s philosophy on al-Kindī
Al-Kindī’s classification of mathematics as an intermediary science between theology, on the one hand, and physics on the other, that is reiterated in several of his treatises, has been so far generally traced back to Proclus. Based on the introduction of al-Kindī’s treatise On the Great Art (Fī l-Ṣināʿa l-ʿuẓmā), as well as on other works of his, this article shows the rather structural influence of Ptolemy’s philosophy on al-Kindī. From Ptolemy al-Kindī draws not only the division of theoretical sciences, but also a philosophical program that gives mathematics a central position as a full theoretical science. This paper tries to reconcile between the thesis of the intermediary position of mathematics held in these treatises and its role as a propaedeutic to the study of philosophy in al-Kindī’s Epistle On the Quantity of Aristotle’s Books and What is Necessary for the Attainment of Philosophy. It shows that the quadripartition of mathematics al-Kindī laid out in this epistle is drawn from an ‘altered’ version of Nicomachus of Gerasa’s Introduction to Arithmetic. The reading he found in that version seems to have bolstered al-Kindī’s argument aimed at promoting the science of quality and quantity, namely mathematics, as the leading path towards the knowledge of the first and secondary substances, hence elevating this science as the best guide to reality. Such description mirrors the conception of mathematics provided by Ptolemy in the Almagest.

4. Veysel Kaya, “Saʿīd ibn Dādhurmuz’s Epistle on Soul and Spirit”, SGA 6 (2016), pp. 113-120.
Affiliation: İstanbul Üniversitesi İlahiyat Fakültesi (Istanbul, Turkey)
Keywords: Saʿīd b. Dādhurmuz, Miskawayh, Arabic Philosophy
This article briefly addresses the content of Saʿīd b. Dādhurmuz’s Risāla fī l-Nafs wa-l-rūḥ, an epistle which was written as a complementary section to the author’s Risāla fī Faḍl al-āḫira ʿalā l-dunyā (Epistle on the Superiority of the Hereafter over This World). In these epistles, the author aims to posit the superiority and substantiality of the Hereafter as opposed to the inferiority and imperfection of the worldly life. The author regards an investigation about the essence of soul/spirit (nafs/rūḥ) as a necessary task, because one cannot truly understand the issue of the Hereafter without knowing what the human soul is. Typically, Saʿīd b. Dādhurmuz attempts here an amalgamation of philosophical and religious discourses while quoting from several philosophical works available to him. Hence, after close examination, the Arabic Aristotle, Arabic Plato, al-Kindī, Miskawayh and especially the Epistles of the Brethren of Purity appear to be among his sources. Besides, a part of the Epistle on Soul and spirit which addresses certain sayings of the past prophets before Muḥammad about spirit attracts special attention.

5. Marion Dapsens, “De la Risālat Maryānus au De Compositione alchemiae.
Quelques réflexions sur la tradition d’un traité d’alchimie”, SGA 6 (2016), pp. 121-140.
Affiliation: Thomas-Institut der Universität zu Köln (Germany)
Keywords: Morienus, Ḫālid ibn Yazīd, De Compositione alchemiae, Arabic manuscripts
This article aims to present a status quaestionis on the studies about the De Compositione alchemiae by Morienus. It brings forward a new perspective on the Latin traditions of this text, enabled by the recent discovery of Arabic manuscripts, and challenges some points made previously by Lee Stavenhagen (1970 and 1974). It tries to define which parts of the Latin text are likely to be a direct translation from the Arabic, and discusses some of the considerations of another scholar, Ahmad Al-Hassan. The article also examines the attribution of the Risāla to Ḫālid ibn Yazīd and proposes an overview of all the Arabic and Latin manuscripts of it known to date, including new findings.

6. Hossein Mottaqi, “MS Qom, Kitābḫāna Āyatullāh Marʿāšī 286. An 11th /17th Century Iranian Anthology of Philosophical and Theological Works in Arabic and Persian”, SGA 6 (2016), pp. 141-186.
Affiliation: University of Religion and Denominations, Pardisan Qom (Iran)
Keywords: Arabic codicology, Arabic Manuscripts, falsafa
The library Āyatullāh Marʿāšī was founded in the year 1966 in Qom by Āyatullāh Sayyid Šihāb-ul-Dīn-i Marʿāšī Naǧafī (1897-1990), with further expansion in 1974 and 1988. Initially started as the private library of the Āyatullāh Marʿāšī, it is now a significant public collection of more than 75,000 works, mostly in Arabic and Persian. The manuscript housed in this library under the shelfmark 286 reaches back to the 11th/17th century; it features an anthology (maǧmuʿa) of some 100 treatises, sixty-two of which are of philosophical nature. Most of them are works by Ibn Sīnā, but there are also treatises by al-Kindī, al-Fārābī, al-Suhrawardī, and other items of special interest from the viewpoint of the spread of Greek philosophy in Persia: Ps.-Aristotle, Alexander of Aphrodisias, the Placita Philosophorum. The present article describes the manuscript, and lists its contents.

7. Elisa Coda, “Breve nota su una traduzione ebraico-latina umanistica: Mosé Alatino (1529-1605) traduttore di Temistio”, SGA 6 (2016), pp. 187-210.
Affiliation: Università di Pisa (Italy)
Keywords: Moses Alatino, Themistius’s De Caelo, Ermolao Barbaro Jr
Moses Alatino (d. 1605) was the translator from Hebrew into Latin of Themistius’ paraphrase of the De Caelo, lost in Greek as well as in the Arabic version out of which the Hebrew translation was made in the Middle Ages. To his translation a preface is added, where Alatino declares a great deal of his methodology and aims. Themistius was praised by the learned men of Alatino’s age: a comparison with Ermolao Barbaro Jr. (1454-1493)
shows Alatino’s views about the relationship between veritas and eloquentia, as well as the refinement of his textual emendations. The portrait of a learned translator emerges from the analysis of his Preface, something that must alert the readers: not only does Alatino draw attention on the intrinsic difficulty of a work that is the outcome of a two-steps translation, but he also openly declares that he did not hesitate to correct the text.

8. Cristina D’Ancona, “Paul Kraus. Cahiers (© Jenny Strauss Clay) transcrits et annotés Théologie d’ Aristote, 35”, SGA 6 (2016), pp. 211-262.
Affiliation: Università di Pisa (Italy)
Keywords: Paul Kraus, Arabic Plotinus, falsafa
Studia graeco-arabica initiates the transcription of the manuscript Notebooks of the eminent Arabist Paul Kraus (1904-1944). Thanks to the kindness of Prof. Jenny Strauss Clay, and in accordance with the Special Collections Research Center of the University of Chicago Library, Kraus’ Notes on the pseudo-Theology of Aristotle are transcribed and annotated.

Book Announcements and Reviews

    – Book Announcements
Cristina D'Ancona, A. Michalewski, La puissance de l’intelligible. La théorie plotinienne des Formes au miroir de l’ héritage médioplatonicien, Leuven 2014 (Ancient and Medieval Philosophy, De Wulf-Mansion Centre, Series I, 51), SGA 6 (2016), pp. 261-3

Elisa Coda, Roger Arnaldez, Aspects de la pensée musulmane, Paris 2015 (Études musulmanes, 47), SGA 6 (2016), pp. 263-4

Cristina D'Ancona, Epistles of the Brethren of Purity. On Astronomia. An Arabic Critical Edition and English Translation of Epistle 3, edited and translated by F. Jamil Ragep and T. Mimura. Foreword by N. El-Bizri, Oxford 2015, SGA 6 (2016), pp. 265-6

Victoria Arroche, Averroes, El tratado decisivo y otros textos de filosofía y religión. Introducción, traducción y notas de Rafael Ramón Guerrero, Winograd 2015, SGA 6 (2016), pp. 267-9

Cristina D'Ancona, J.M. Gázquez, The Attitude of the Medieval Latin Translators Towards the Arabic Sciences, Firenze 2016 (Micrologus’ Library, 75), SGA 6 (2016), pp. 269-71

Cristina D'Ancona, R. Pergola, I luoghi del tradurre nel Medioevo. La trasmissione della scienza greca e araba nel mondo latino, Lecce 2016 (Collana di linguistica, letteratura e glottodidattica), SGA 6 (2016), pp. 271-2

Elisa Coda, Ruth Glasner, Gersonides. A Portrait of a Fourteenth-Century Philosopher-Scientist, Oxford 2015, SGA 6 (2016), pp. 273-274

Elisa Coda, Ch.H. Manekin – Y.T. Langermann – H.H. Biesterfeldt (eds), Moritz Steinschneider. The Hebrew Translations of the Middle Ages and the Jews as Transmitters. Vol. I. Preface. General Remarks. Jewish Philosophers, Dordrecht - Heidelberg - New York - London 2013 (Amsterdam Studies in Jewish Philosophy, 16), SGA 6 (2016), pp. 274-275

Marco Di Branco, Khaled El-Rouayheb, Islamic Intellectual History in the Seventeenth Century. Scholarly Currents in the Ottoman Empire and the Maghreb, Cambidge 2015, SGA 6 (2016), pp. 275-6
    – Reviews
Lucrezia Iris Martone, Richard Goulet (sous la diréction de), Dictionnaire des philosophes antiques, VI. De Sabinillus à Tyrsénos, CNRS-Éditions, Paris 2016, SGA 6 (2016), pp. 277-80

Marco Zambon, Prolegomeni alla filosofia di Platone. Saggio introduttivo, traduzione e commento storico-filosofico a cura di A. Motta, Roma 2014 (Classici di filosofia), SGA 6 (2016), pp. 281-2

Marco Di Branco, Eunape de Sardes, Vies de philosophes et de sophistes, édition critique, traduction française, notes et index, I-II, Les Belles Lettres, Paris 2014 (Collection des Universités de France publiée sous le patronage de l’Association G. Budé, s.n.), SGA 6 (2016), pp. 283-6

Marco Zambon, Boethius as a Paradigm of Late Ancient Thought, hrsg. von Th. Böhm - Th. Jürgasch - A. Kirchner, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin - Boston 2014, SGA 6 (2016), pp. 287-93

Cristina D'Ancona, A.C. Bowen, Simplicius on the Planets and Their Motions. In Defense of a Heresy, Brill, Leiden – Boston 2013 (Philosophia Antiqua, 133), SGA 6 (2016), pp. 294-301

Giulia Guidara, J. Dillon, A. Timotin (eds), Platonic Theories of Prayer, Brill, Leiden - Boston 2016 (Studies in Platonism, Neoplatonism, and the Platonic Tradition, 19), SGA 6 (2016), pp. 302-307

Oliver Overwien, The Alexandrian Epitomes of Galen, vol. 1: On the Medical Sects for Beginners, The Small Art of Medicine, On the Elements According to the Opinion of Hippocrates. An edition and parallel English translation of three Arabic texts, with notes and introduction, by John Walbridge, Brigham Young U. P., Provo (Utah) 2014, SGA 6 (2016), pp. 308-15

Cristina D'Ancona, Al-Ḥasan ibn Mūsā al-Nawbaḫtī, Commentary on Aristotle De Generatione et corruptione. Edition, Translation and Commentary by Marwan Rashed, De Gruyter, Berlin 2015 (Scientia graeco-arabica, 19), SGA 6 (2016), pp. 316-20

Cecilia Martini Bonadeo, T. Kukkonen, Ibn Tufayl. Living the Life of Reason, Oneworld, London 2014 (Makers of the Muslim World), SGA 6 (2016), pp. 321-6

Issam Marjani, M. Zonta, Saggio di lessicografia araba medievale, Paideia, Brescia 2014 (Philosophica. Testi e studi, 7), SGA 6 (2016), pp. 337-30

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